Kira, M. (2007). Learning in the process of industrial work – a comparative study of Finland, Sweden and Germany . International Journal of Training & Development (11)2. 86-101.
In “Learning in the process of industrial work – a comparative study of Finland, Sweden and Germany,” Kira (2007) examines opportunities for learning provided in the packaging industry in Nordic and German companies in order to determine whether employees have chances to learn and develop in the process of daily industrial work and to identify places for improvement in workplace learning in the industrial sector. Kira uses the Learning Dimesions Inventory (LDI) to examine variability of work, participation at work and feedback from others. In addition to the positivist approach with the LDI, Kira includes an interpretive dimension by conducting interviews to document reasons related to the findings from the LDI. Findings indicate that the Nordic case companies, following a sociotechnical development path, do support individual workplace learning; however, in all cases daily participation was encouraged, but not participation in decision making about framework conditions.