Young, PA (2008). The Culture Based Model: Constructing a model of culture. Journal of Educational,Technology & Society, 11 (2), 107-118.

Posits that a model of culture “evolved from the data” that “technologies carry a history and that these histories can be revealed through analysis. Further, historical artifacts can aid in the design of contemporary instructional products.” (p.111) Offers a framework of the Culture-Based Model (CBM) with acronym ID_TABLET: inquiry, development, team, assessments, brainstorming, learners, elements, and training with 70 design factors tied to these features. Further categorizes brainstorming, team, development, learners, assessments and training as project management, and inquiry and elements as project design.