Chen, A., Mashadi, A., Ang, D. & Harkrider, N. (1999). Cultural issues in the design of technology-enhanced learning systems. British Journal of Educational Technology, 30(3), 217-230.

Focusing on the design of three student-centered learning systems in Singapore, finds they “illustrate that an effective learning environment involves more than the use of technology- culturally mediated social interaction and perseverance towards a shared vision is an essential part of the learning process” (p. 228).